Japan is an island country in East Asia with over 125 million people spanning an archipelago of 6852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometres.
Japan has made significant contributions to science and technology as a global leader in the automotive, robotics, and electronics industries. Japan's culture, including its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes prominent comic, animation, and video game industries, is well known around the world.
Japan held onto the title of the world’s second largest economy for more than 40 years from 1968 to 2010, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has one of the world's highest life expectancies.