China Evergrande and China Vanke report profit gains and high debt ratios during 2018

By Pearl Liu and Lam Ka-sing / | April 1, 2019 6:37 PM SGT
Mainland property developers China Vanke and China Evergrande Group reported upbeat profit results for 2018, along with higher debt levels.
Evergrande, chaired by billionaire Hui Ka-yan, saw core profit jump 93.3 per cent to 78.32 billion yuan (US$11.88 billion) for the year, up 93.3 per cent on year, while revenue was 466.2 billion yuan, a rise of 49.9 per cent.
Contracted sales came to 551.34 billion yuan, up 10.1 per cent on year. For 2019 the company expects sales of 600 billion yuan.
The company said it would not pay a final dividend for 2018. In August the company paid a combined dividend of 1.13 yuan per share for operations in 2016 and 2017.
Evergrande's net gearing ratio, a measure of equity to debt, hit 151.9 per cent at the end of 2018, up 24 percentage points from six months earlier, according to a company filing Tuesday to the Hong Kong stock exchange.
Vice-chairman and chief executive Xia Haijun pledged last year to cut the company's net gearing ratio to 140 per cent by the end of 2018, and to 100 per cent by the end of 2019.
Chief financial ­officer Pan ­Darong said on Tuesday that the company's investments in the electric car industry led to the higher net gearing ratio.
The company issued US$3 billion in offshore bonds to refinance debt in January, following a US$1.8 billion bond issue in October, with yields as high as 13.75 per cent.
In January, Evergrande Health bought a controlling stake in National Electric Vehicle Sweden for US$930 million, and nine days later it paid 1.06 billion yuan for a 58 per cent stake in Shanghai CENAT New Energy, a maker of lithium-ion batteries. In March, the company paid 500 million yuan for a 70 per cent stake in Netherlands-based motor maker e-Traction.
Hui, the second-richest man in China, said that the company would continue to invest in health care, tourism and electric vehicles as part of its strategy to diversify beyond the property sector.
China Vanke, the second largest mainland developer, reported a net gearing ratio of 30.9 per cent at the end of 2018, up from 8.8 per cent at the end of 2017.
Net profit surged 20.4 per cent to 33.77 billion yuan and revenue was up 25.2 per cent to 297.08 billion yuan.
A dividend of 1.07 yuan per share for 2018 was declared.
"The property business is so profitable, where can we find an even more profitable business?" said Yu Liang, chairman of China Vanke. "We shareholders know we will make small profits in future."
Meanwhile, Chinese developer Shimao Property reported core profit attributable to shareholders of 8.55 billion yuan, up 23.4 per cent year on year. The company declared a final dividend of 70 HK cents per share.
Shares in China Vanke dropped 3.1 per cent to HK$30.15 at Tuesday's close after results were released.
China Evergrande shares were down 1.3 per cent to HK$27.05 ahead of its after-hours results announcement.
This article originally appeared in the South China Morning Post (SCMP), the most authoritative voice reporting on China and Asia for more than a century. For more SCMP stories, please explore the SCMP app or visit the SCMP's Facebook and Twitter pages. Copyright © 2019 South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved.
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